Almost ten years later its first appearance on the European market, the tyre label is ready to change: new contents and, for the first time, will be mandatory for buses and heavy vehicles’ tyres.
The ultimate targets to achieve are clear and evident: to increase transparency and traceability among the whole tyres’ supply chain to allow the final consumers to simply and consciously choose the tyres that better satisfy their own needs and preferences.
Starting from May 1st, following New Regulation (EU) 2020/740, the UE tyre label has changed to meet these requirements. New rules are applied to summer, all-season, and winter tyres produced after April 2021. The old label keeps on being valid for the ones produced and sold previously and, by 30 November 2021, only the data in the information sheet of the European Product Registry for Energy Labeling (Eprel) will be updated, being not necessary for the other labels.
The tyre label adoption is not a novelty. It first appeared within the EU market almost ten years ago. New Regulation (EU) 2020/740 replaces the previous one, (EC) 1222/2009, applicable from 2012, that first introduced the obligation of labeling car and van tyres. And one of the main innovations delivered by the Regulation (EU) 2020/740 is the extension of the mandatory also to bus and truck tyres.
EU tyre label according to Regulation 1222/2009 introduced some main crucial info about the product's main features: rolling resistance, braking on wet surfaces, and external noise. The new Regulation takes up and extends what was given by the previous one.
First of all, also to meet customers’ needs, the wet grip and the efficiency classes are now really similar to those already used for household appliances: the scale goes from A to E, where “A” is for the highest e best result and “E” stands for the lowest one.
The rolling resistance proportionally impacts energy efficiency and fuel consumption. High rolling resistance can result in higher consumption and emission, while a too much low one can be detrimental to other parameters, mainly safety. The target is to find out a good balance. Here, the new classification runs from “A” (most efficient) to “E” (least efficient).
Regarding the wet grip class, the new EU tyres labels now report “A” for the tyres with the delivery of the shortest braking distance, while for the external noise, the categories are two: “A” (less noise outside the vehicle) and “B” (more noise).
In addition, the new EU tyre label also options to show if the tyres are suitable for use in severe snow conditions or extreme climatic situations. So, it can also refer to the grip factor on snow and ice. A winter tyre approved for use in severe conditions has a specific pictogram (“Alpine symbol” or 3PMSF - 3 peaks mountain with snowflake) marked on the label and on the sidewall too. Tyres that passed a specific test for braking on extreme ice present a specific pictogram of an ice stalagmite. In the future, information on mileage, abrasion, retreaded tyres, and snow and ice grip may be also added to the labels.
An overall approach
The updating of the EU tyre label mostly aims to make all information relating to the product as transparent and accessible as possible to both suppliers and final users too. A further and really important innovation introduced by the new EU tyre labeling is the QR code allowing to have easy and direct access to the European Eprel database (European Product Registry for Energy Labeling).
Fonte: EU Commission